Gotha. Everything is at a glance here: the cultural traditions of the past, the secrets of palace art, everyday oddballs of antiquity. 

The tourist “magnet” of these lands is the castle under the intricate name “Stone of Peace” (aka Friedenstein). 

The “Baroque city”, as the Germans themselves sometimes call it, is under the jurisdiction of the “Free State” (Republic) of Thuringia. With its head held high, it has the status of a district center of the same name and one of the oldest settlements in these parts, and he also manages to “manage flights” in 7 city districts perfectly.

Gotha is located near the famous mountain range of the Thuringian Forest. It is rightfully considered the historical and cultural center of Thuringia. The first mention of it is found in sources dated back to October 775. Then Emperor Charles I the Great of the Carolingian dynasty gave the Hersfeld Monastery fields and forest lands in the vicinity of Villa Gothaha (the name translates as “Good Water”).

The city, due to its favorable location at the intersection of two roads, has long been the center of economic life. Trade flourished here. Especially wine, which was the main source of income for local merchants.

The 17th century was marked by an increase in the political and administrative status of Gotha: it was proclaimed the seat of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, a Protestant duchy that was part of the German Empire. Its rulers literally transformed this settlement, which became exemplary both in administrative and financial and economic terms. The status of the residence of the duchy, and then the Saxe-Coburg dynasty, remained outside the city until 1918.

The rulers of the duchy were enlightened people. Therefore, they paid increased attention to the development of science and culture. Under them, the city became the cartographic and publishing “capital” of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Compulsory for children – and both sexes – schooling for the first time in Germany was introduced here.

Gotha is also the birthplace of the first German theatre. It appeared in the city castle, had a permanent troupe. It was a real breakthrough, a step ahead of the curve. Especially considering that theatrical art in the then German lands was in its infancy. Today, the first German theater bears the name of the actor Konrad Eckhof, one of its founders, who died in 1778 at the age of 57 in Gotha.

By order of Duke Ernst II von Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg, the city fortifications were demolished. In their place is an English-style landscaped garden. He ordered the construction of an observatory here. In his will, he ordered to protect it as a monument.

One of Germany’s financial industries also originated in Gotha. Namely, the insurance business in its modern sense. The German industrialist Ernst-Wilhelm Arnoldi created the first insurance bank Gothaer Feuerversicherungsbank in the city, which was based on the principle of reciprocity. It happened in 1820. Now this bank is called Gothaer Allgemeine Versicherung AG, its headquarters is in Cologne (North Rhine-Westphalia).

Friedenstein Castle is surrounded by the oldest English garden in Europe . On its territory there is a greenhouse with a rich collection of flowers. Next to the old town hall is the market square. It is surrounded by ancient buildings, formerly owned by noble people.

The Gothic Augustinian church is notable for its baroque interior. Martin Luther preached there several times. Not far from it is the oldest Augustinian monastery in Thuringia . On the site of the previously existing city fortifications, there is an English garden. It was laid down by order of Duke Ernest II.

At the foot of a low mountain is a zoo. In the old part of the city, a hunting lodge has been preserved, surrounded by shady trees and ponds. Several museums are active, in particular the Gotha Nature Museum, the Friedenstein Castle Museum, the Ducal Museum and the Museum of Local History.

The most striking cultural event is the Gotthardusfest festival, dedicated to St. Gotthard, the patron saint of the city. It is held in early May for three days, each of which is notable for the enchanting performances of artists.

The largest companies in Gotha

1. Bystronic Maschinenbau GmbH: EUR 45 million turnover / 260 employees

Bystronic is one of the world’s leading technology companies in the field of sheet metal processing. Our high-quality solutions enable the transformation into a productive and sustainable future. The focus is on the automation of the entire material and data flow in the cutting and bending process chain.


2. Gothaplast Verbandpastefabrik GmbH: EUR 72 million turnover / 180 employees

Gothaplast offers a wide range of solutions in the field of wound care.


3. Gothaer Fahrzeugtechnik GmbH: EUR 47 million turnover / 379 employees

Gothaer Fahrzeugtechnik GmbH specializes in the manufacture of highly complex pipe and sheet metal constructions made from fine-grain structural steel.


4. AHG GmbH: EUR 56.5 million turnover / 168 employees

AHG, short for Autohaus Gotha, operates three car dealerships in Thuringia.


5. Spanplattenwerk Gotha GmbH: EUR 15 million turnover / 300 employees

Spanplattenwerk Gotha GmbH is an industrial company specializing in the manufacture of chipboard. It offers its customers high-quality products made of various types of wood such as spruce, beech and pine. The company has several production sites in Germany and works with the latest technologies to produce high-quality chipboard. In addition, it offers a wide range of surface finishing options and reliable after-sales service.


6. Langenhan GmbH: EUR 40 million turnover / 80 employees

Langenhan GmbH is a trading company in the field of car sales. The company offers a wide range of vehicles, including new and used vehicles, as well as parts and accessories. Langenhan GmbH also has several branches in Germany where customers can conveniently buy or sell their car. In addition, financing and insurance solutions as well as services such as maintenance, repairs and inspections are offered.


If you want to visit or make a business bridge through this amazingly inspiring and highly intelligent talanted productive region please don`t hesitate to contact or connect us for assistance and presentation of your interests in the region.

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